All posts by vanderloo

My Name is Phil Vanderloo and I am a General Contractor located in Fair Oaks Ca. I specialize in sustainable building design and construction. I'm a LEED AP BD&C and LEED AP for Homes as well as a "Certified Green Building Professional" When I'm not working I enjoy running, snowboarding, surfing, fun people and a good cabernet.

Permitting Your Remodel. What to Expect.

All too often I come across clients who waited until they were ready to start construction before they began the permitting process.
Assembly of the Architectural Design, Engineering, and other documents needed to procure a permit can be very time consuming.
Normally, you should allow at least 3 months for all of the pre-construction requirements. But these days, it can easily go beyond that. I have one contractor friend who tells his clients up front that they should expect at least 6 months for permitting.
Now that so many municipalities are having difficulty keeping up with all of the submittals, things are tending to take a bit longer than normal. And every municipality is different as far as their staffing and procedures.

Here’s a breakdown

of the normal timeframe but these times can vary significantly.

Remodel Permits

  • Architectural- Finding the right fit for an architect can be a daunting task.
    As it always goes, the best in the business are very busy and could be backlogged for months and are most likely the most expensive. Don’t think you can have plans designed and drawn over the course of a week or 2 because that’s not going to happen.
    Plan on starting your search for the right architect or drafts person long before you plan on beginning construction. I would suggest allowing at least 4-6 weeks for the plans to be ready for Engineering once you have an architect on board.
  • Engineering- Although some Architects have in house Engineers, most in my area get their structural engineering done by outside sources or Structural Engineering Firms.
    There, your plans might sit for 2 or 3 weeks waiting for the Engineer’s review and markup. Typically the Engineer will redline, or mark up, the plans with all of the necessary structural elements needed to meet today’s Engineering, (structural), standards.
    The plans are then sent back to the architect for redrawing, then back to the Engineer for the Engineer’s stamp.
  • During the Engineering process you many need to assemble other documentation like truss calcs, which consist of a diagram of the roof truss layout and all of the truss design specs and load calcs. And, in California, you will also need to submit Title 24, or Energy calculations, showing how your project will meet the energy efficiency standards required in the State of California. Again, some architectural firms have an in house person who does their Title 24s. Others have them done by an outside source and these can also take 2-3 weeks.
  • Submittal for First Plancheck- Here’s where the municipalities, or different Building Dept. standards and procedures can vary.
    Sometimes, if they are too overwhelmed with submittals, they will send them out to a third party for plan check.
    I’m always skeptical when I ask at the Building Dept. how long I can expect to wait for the first plan check because if, by the time you actually submit the plans, they become inundated with a more than normal amount of submittals, the plancheck time can be extended.
    Once the plan checker is done reviewing your plans they will mark them up for corrections which will need to be done by the architect, (and Engineer if engineering corrections are requested), then the revised plans will need to be re-stamped by the Structural Engineer and re-submitted for the second plancheck. Although it’s very rare for the need for another round of corrections and a third plan check, it does happen occasionally.

Be aware that some areas have additional requirements. Like architectural review and approval of any Homeowner’s Associations prior to submittal for plancheck.

And in my area, Sacramento California, You may be living in a Citywide site review or Historical area that requires you to submit your intent with photos and exterior material samples, among other things, for Citywide Site Review which costs an additional $500. This is above and beyond the permit fees and can take as long as 6 weeks. You are unable to submit your plans for permits until Citywide Site review is complete and approved.
If you are getting “bids” for your project before you have completed County or City Approved Plans, you should expect pricing revisions as the Building Dept. may require additional work beyond the perceived scope to meet their standards.
These will need to be adjusted in price and could be very significant.

Many Contractors will not provide ANY pricing for projects without an approved, Engineer’s stamped set of plans.

On a final note, before or during the process herein, you will be doing yourself a great favor by making as many, and as specific selections of materials and finishes as possible. Without specific selections called out, your contractor can only provide allowances for these items which may not meet the standards you envisioned.
And make sure the final contract calls out as many materials and finishes as possible to avoid any confusion or holdups during construction.

Building Materials are on the rise.

With all of the recent disasters we knew it was only a matter of time for building material prices to increase.
I’ve been getting notifications from various resources, including my main lumber supplier, that some products have already increased as much as 18% and many will continue to go up.
The sudden demand for products has manufacturers struggling to keep up.
I’m starting to wonder if stock piling some commonly used materials might be a wise choice.

I was surprised to be getting calls so soon from victims of the Sonoma fires. The wheels are already turning to get those homes,(5,500 from California wildfires at last count), back on the grid. There were 8,400 total structures lost.

Unfortunately not only do the victims have to deal with rising material prices, but the labor shortage has driven labor up significantly as well. The already dire housing shortage in the Bay area has been compounded by the fires with more people without places to live struggle to find “not so affordable” housing.
On the up side there will be more than enough jobs available in the construction industry for those who aren’t afraid of hard work.
Our hearts go out to all of the victims of disasters in Houston, Miami, Puerto Rico, and California. We hope you are able to recover soon.
Click here to see some of the devastating affects of the fires.

“Best of Houzz 2017”

Hiline Builders Best of houzz 2017We just received our 4th consecutive “Best of Houzz 2017” award.
I can’t say enough how much I appreciate my incredible line up of employees and subs for their impeccable quality workmanship and customer satisfaction.
I never finish a job without praise from my clients about how great my crew is. And that’s what it’s all about.
It’s a very difficult business to be in with the economic roller coaster and all of it’s unpredictability.
But Keeping the customers happy is what keeps us in the game.
As mentioned in my previous post, half of all contractors close their doors before they reach 5 years in business.
Well, here we are at year 33, stronger and better than ever.
Thank You so much to all of our loyal customers who have kept us busy with repeat requests for our services as well as referrals to friends and co workers.
You guys Rock!
Check out our Company profile on to see some of our work and reviews from past clients. Hiline Builders on Houzz

What it takes to Stay in the Game

One of the biggest challenges I find as a Construction Professional is having to compete with people who don’t know the ins and outs of running a construction business. And, in effect, they lower the standards of the Industry.

The Bottom Line-

1. Proper Markup
With little or no knowledge of what it takes to run a construction business, many new Contractors are unfamiliar with how to determine the proper markup for profit and overhead. And that is one of the reasons why construction businesses have one of the highest failure rates in small business startups.
After working in the trades for 25-30$ an hour, many new entrepreneurs think they have it made because now that they are licensed Contractors they can add a 10% markup to their estimates. And soon they’ll be driving Porsche pickups.

The fact is your overhead alone, (not including profit), is likely to require a 20-30% markup. Factoring in all of the new expenses it takes to start and stay in business. There’s advertising/marketing, sales, fees for licensing and having the proper certifications for the work performed. You have several different insurance requirements- bonds, liability, worker’s comp. Not to mention payroll burden, tooling up, including buying, renting, repairing/replacing tools needed, (which is an ongoing expense), vehicle maintenance, bookkeeping, accounting, office staff, and the list goes on.
Most people don’t realize that you need to have individual Business licenses in ALL of the municipalities where you perform your services. I counted 16 different Building Depts. that I frequently deal with. And licenses go anywhere from $50-$150 each per year.
Overhead is a fixed expense and cutting corners to lower overhead can only go so far. Remember, overhead is the price you pay to stay in business. And keeping the business healthy and profitable is the key to Staying in the Game.

2. Estimating
Not having experience with estimating, many new contractors think they need to sharpen their pencils and figure everything at the bare minimum in order to get jobs. The fact is, when you’re trying to estimate labor and material expenses for each phase of the project, there are a multitude of variables, unexpected’s, and incidentals that can drive your costs to double or triple the “best case scenario” mindset.
If we don’t factor in some compensation for the likelihood of mistakes that need to be fixed, unforeseen things that require extra labor or materials, etc., we can easily lose money on a job. Thereby having to rely on the next job, or 2, to recover our losses. Let’s face it, we’re only human and inevitably mistakes will be made and they can be very costly.

Having been in this business for 34 years I have seen many ups and downs in the economy. And when the economy dips, inevitably paranoia sets in with all of the inexperienced Contractors.
I start hearing
“If we don’t lower our prices we won’t be able to get any work.”
Not realizing that if they do lower their prices they may very well be looking for alternative careers soon.

This attitude causes a negative image for our industry. Prices get lowered below what is needed to do quality work and keep customers happy. Some will even resort to doing jobs unpermitted when permits are required.

lower prices
Always someone willing to do it cheaper

When prices go down, those of us who know better are forced to compete with numbers that are below where they need to be. And let’s face it, too many of our potential prospects consider the bottom line the driving factor on who they will select to do the work.

3. Sales Expense
The larger remodeling firms can have a sales staff with as many as 8-10 sales people.
And you can bet these people are paid well because they are the driving force behind jobs awarded, i.e, Gross sales.
So sales alone is usually the biggest line item markup for a Construction Company. Many small contractors consider their sales time as “just a part of doing business” and view it as a “freebie” and don’t factor this into their overall profitability.
This is the biggest misconception you can make when trying to have a successful business. The reality is, if you’re awarded 40% of the jobs presented, you’re doing very well by industry standards. So you can imagine the time spent chasing dead ends.
It’s not unusual for me to spend 20- 50 hours a week just in sales alone. I meet with clients, go over the scope of the project, followed by multiple meetings on site with subs.
We’ll go over the scope periodically throughout the bidding process and make adjustments as needed. Review products being used, finishes, timeframes, logistics, etc. Then we assemble the written Work Order which can be 20 pages of detailed scope of the project, contingencies, draw schedules, specific products and finishes. All of this can be very time consuming. And it’s not unusual for some clients to request 2 or 3 revisions of the estimate to get the project on budget.
So think about people, should we be willing to give that much of our time for free?
You need to factor your time spent on sales into your overhead or your business is doomed right out of the gate.

The bottom line is- If you want to stay in business for the long haul, keep your clients happy, and preserve the integrity of the Construction Industry, you need to be very familiar with “The cost of doing business”, how it affects the bottom line, and what it takes to “Stay in the game.”

©Phil Vanderloo
Hiline Builders inc.

Efficient Hot Water Distribution System

LEED V4 Credit Rating System
One of the credits we’ll be pursuing in our prospective LEED Platinum project is “Efficient Hot Water Distribution System”, which can earn up to 5 points in the LEED V4 Credit Rating System.
The objective of this credit is to minimize energy used to heat hot water and distribute it to the fixtures.

One of the ways to accomplish this is to minimize the length of pipe between the source, (Hot Water Heater), and the fixtures. This is done by either locating the hot water heater in a centralized location, and/or designing the layout so that bathrooms are either placed back to back or stacked one over the other.
In our case, we will be using 1/2″ pex piping. So the maximum allowable length from the hot water heater to the furthest fixture, including the total length of piping, is 40 feet.

This particular project lends itself to this credit because the total living are is so small, 584 ft². And we were able to easily locate the Rinnai Tankless Water Heater in a centralized laundry closet. We chose the Rinnai gas water heater model RUCS65iN as this was perfect for this application.

Larger homes can be more of a challenge. But one way to accomplish this credit in a larger footprint is to have multiple water heaters near each fixture. Small electric water heaters can be concealed in cabinets below bathroom or kitchen sinks. This allows you to bring cold water lines to the heater and heat directly at the fixture as water is circulated through the line.

One of the other criteria of this credit is that we insulate all hot water piping. This includes taping at all joints and Ts, and using min. R4 pipe insulation.
Next week we hope to be at the rough plumbing stage and we will be able to provide illustrations of the information provided here.
feel free to post any question regarding Efficient Hot Water Distribution Systems below and keep checking back for updates on other LEED credits being pursued and the methods for achieving them.

Featured in Modern Builder+Design Magazine- “Sustainability in Sacramento”

My Christmas Present just arrived in the mailbox today.
The latest addition of Modern Builder+Design Magazine featuring Hiline Builders Inc.
The article, entitled- “Sustainability in Sacramento” represents our commitment to raising awareness of the benefits of Green Building Principals and Practices.
The payoff comes not only in energy efficiency savings but the health benefits are often overlooked and underappreciated as well.
Click Here to read the full article.
Stay tuned as we document our current prospective LEED platinum project which is currently under way.
The photos of one of our completed projects in this article were graciously provided by Dave Adams Photography.

LEED Platinum Hiline Builders Inc.
Progress continues on our residential prospective LEED platinum dwelling Photo by Phil Vanderloo

New measures in store for California Title 24 Energy Codes

I sat in on a seminar last week at the Pacific Coast Builders Convention that was directed towards the upcoming changes in store for Ca. Title 24 2016.
According to Energy Code Ace, California’s current agenda includes all new Homes being built to be zero net energy by the year 2020. A very aggressive expectation by any stretch.
One of the main objectives of the new upgrades was to make attic spaces cooler in order to extend the life of our HVAC systems. Some attics can reach 140 degrees or more in the summer months and for our systems to perform in this heat they must work much harder. Not to mention the hot air needs to be pushed through the ducts before the new cold air can be introduced.
So there are 4 alternate options being offered for roof systems.
• Apply a 1” air space between roof deck and roofing for air to move freely and keep the attic cooler. There are new systems being developed to achieve this.
• Insulate not only the ceiling but the rafters above to help keep the attic cooler.
• Don’t insulate the ceiling but ONLY the rafters above. Thereby making the attic into conditioned space. This would require the attic to have no ventilation to not allow the cool, conditioned air to escape.
• Or place all HVAC equipment and ducting in a conditioned space as in below the ceiling. This would require soffits to be built under the ceiling level to accommodate duct runs in the conditioned area.

All of these options have mandatory provisions for wrapping all ducts with min. R4 insulation, a Hers test will now be mandatory for duct leakage testing, and all roofs will be required to be Sheathed with radiant barrier roof sheathing.
Another new mandatory measure is that ALL new residential construction will be required to have continuous 1” rigid foam insulation around the entire exterior. So you might want to do your homework now for system integration of housewrap, window flashing, foam insulation, and fastening of wood siding to the foam.
The new codes are set to take effect in January of 2017.

What’s new in Kitchen and Bath Designs this year you ask-

Ring in the new year with new trends and technologies in kitchen and bath designs.

2016 seems to be the year for eclectic choices. For those who are bold enough to mix design finishes without fear of ending up with an aesthetic disaster.

I think we’ll be seeing a lot more offered in the way of aging in place features as our Baby Boomers are coming of age.
Bold wood finishes and tile back splashes are in. Alternate dining tables are being incorporated into the kitchen island or peninsula.
And more and more attention is being directed towards green alternatives. Recycled or rapidly renewable materials are in. Like recycled glass countertops, rapidly renewable wood species for floors and cabinetry.
Have a look at this video by the Williams Studio for some creative inspiration-

Check out Williams Studio’s Website for more creative input.

Keeping up with the latest technologies at IBS

IBSlogoNAHBblack_20150518081903I’m getting excited about going to Vegas for the IBS, (International Builders Show), this month.
Going to trade shows is by far the best way to maintain that cutting edge and keep up on all of the new products and technologies being offered.

The IBS is now teaming up with the KBIS, (Kitchen and Bath show), to offer 2 great presentations in one place.
I’m more excited than ever this year because I will be conducting interviews with some of the product vendors who’s products I’ll be using on my upcoming LEED Certified Residential project which is now under way.
I’m filming an awareness documentary featuring the process of building a net zero energy, LEED platinum home.
I’m really looking forward to creating a comprehensive presentation that will take you step by step through the process and explain the benefits along the way.
Stay tuned and let me know if you have any sustainable products or features that you would like to see illustrated.
Till next time.

International Builders Show
The International Builders Show Las Vegas

Hiline Builders is awarded the Houzz “Best of 2016” badge

Remodeling and Home Design

Hiline Builders Inc. of Fair Oaks Ca.
Awarded Best Of Houzz 2016

Over 35 Million Monthly Unique Users Nominated Best Home Building,
Remodeling and Design Professionals in North America and Around the World

Sacramento Ca. January 12, 2016 – Hiline Builders Inc. of Fair Oaks, Ca. has won “Best Of Customer Service” on Houzz®, the leading platform for home remodeling and design. The 32 Year Old Design Building Firm was chosen by the more than 35 million monthly unique users that comprise the Houzz community from among more than one million active home building, remodeling and design industry professionals.

The “Best Of Houzz” is awarded annually in three categories: Design, Customer Service and Photography. Design award winners’ work was the most popular among the more than 35 million monthly users on Houzz. Customer Service honors are based on several factors, including the number and quality of client reviews a professional received in 2015. Architecture and interior design photographers whose images were most popular are recognized with the Photography award. A “Best Of Houzz 2016” badge will appear on winners’ profiles, as a sign of their commitment to excellence. These badges help homeowners identify popular and top-rated home professionals in every metro area on Houzz.

“We strive to be the Company that everyone else tries to emulate”
~ Phil Vanderloo, President, Hiline Builders Inc.

“Anyone building, remodeling or decorating looks to Houzz for the most talented and service-oriented professionals” said Liza Hausman, vice president of Industry Marketing for Houzz. “We’re so pleased to recognize Hiline Builders Inc., voted one of our “Best Of Houzz” professionals by our enormous community of homeowners and design enthusiasts actively remodeling and decorating their homes.”

Follow Hiline Builders Inc. on Houzz

About Hiline Builders Inc.
Phil Vanderloo, President of Hiline Builders Inc. has been designing and building custom homes and residential remodels for over 3 decades. His relentless commitment to excellence and superior customer service has kept Hiline Builders Inc. at the forefront of Northern Ca. Design Build Contractors. Phil Vanderloo is a LEED AP BD&C, and LEED AP Homes, and a Certified Green Building Professional.

About Houzz
Houzz is the leading platform for home remodeling and design, providing people with everything they need to improve their homes from start to finish – online or from a mobile device. From decorating a small room to building a custom home and everything in between, Houzz connects millions of homeowners, home design enthusiasts and home improvement professionals across the country and around the world. With the largest residential design database in the world and a vibrant community empowered by technology, Houzz is the easiest way for people to find inspiration, get advice, buy products and hire the professionals they need to help turn their ideas into reality. Headquartered in Palo Alto, CA, Houzz also has international offices in London, Berlin, Sydney, Moscow and Tokyo. Houzz and the Houzz logo are registered trademarks of Houzz Inc. worldwide. For more information, visit

# # #